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The calendar as we know, is directly linked to the behavior of the earth around the sun .

Leaving aside the relevant calculations were done in ancient times the Egyptians , Babylon and the others , reminds us that from 46 BC was in effect the Julian calendar and this was in our country until 1923 . That calendar follow the old calendar as today .

1582 AD Pope Gregory the IC made ​​some correction. Create a calendar and gave more correct in this name , shifting the same year date , from 4 to 17 October . That is, a period of 13 days. Almost immediately this Gregorian calendar accepted all states, except the Turkish- then home.

In 1923 THE Hellenic State on grounds of trade introduced in our country the Gregorian calendar , shifting the date from 16 February to 1 March . Thus , the national holiday of 25 March 1923 was celebrated separately from the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary.

But this calendar or policy change , would remain there, if was not adopted by the Church as unfortunately happened next year , and even whether the conditions of the celebration of Easter itself and the Paschale remained unchanged , as was previously , Agreement and the First Ecumenical Council ..

Thus , in the space of the Church now, in 1924 , an unprecedented in ecclesiastical fields aligning energy , the then Archbishop of Athens Chrysostomos Papadopoulos and political leadership , without the assent of all the hierarchy , the Holy Synod , and the rest Orthodox Patriarchates of Jerusalem , Alexandria , and Antioch , The morning of March 10, 1924 was renamed on March 23 , and with a leap of 13 days changed the ecclesiastical calendar upsetting hitherto stable Orthodox Tradition.

Ensuing storm ...

YESTERDAY AND TODAY ...

Changing the calendar 1924 which dragged and the Ecclesiastical Calendar , there was a significant rise or portion believers who refused to accept it in order not " succumb " characteristically say ...

Staying everything to pre- change positions , they sought through their own ecclesiastical formations , to maintain the old order as from time immemorial had been the Orthodox Church , believing , rightly , that the astronomical difference was something that may well be CONCERNS state and international transactions , but not applying the Church and Holy Tradition of .

The then State power ( Pangalos dictatorship ) , trying to impose all over the Greek area the new calendar , proceeded to arrests and persecutions of remains at Old Calendar , thereby deepening divisions and even irreparably ...

1935 , ie 11 years after the change , three bishops of the new calendar , Demetriades Germany, Zakynthos Chrysostomos , and former Chrysostomos of Florina , joined the headless until then Church of the old ...

Even made ​​into four ordinations of new bishops , before repent themselves again (some of them) , go back and set to new calendar , some time later ...

In Call of old remained ultimately only three prelates , as Chrysostom of Florina , German cyclically , and the Vresthenis Matthew Karpathakis .

First Archbishop of the Old Calendar elected Kavouridis Chrysostomos of Florina .

There was a prominent church figure of the era and the spiritual father of the Patriarch Athenagoras , when he was a deacon in the Cathedral Pelagonia .

Reposed in 1955 leaving no successor , and this because the other two priests had been torn from him, so that it is impossible now ordaining new bishops to be made of three , or in need , certainly both, resulting The old once again be headless ...

Prior to this stalemate fled Bishops of the Russian Church Abroad ( based in the USA , because of communism in Russia) , and so the 1962 ordained the second Archbishop of them, but Acacius Pappas and other bishops, like Gardikiou Afxentio in Salamis Gerontios etc.

Third , after the death of Akaki elected Auxentios Pastras , who was deposed in 1985.

Fourth emerged as Chrysostomos II ( Kiousis ) , who until now heads the Church of palaioimerologiton .

According to earlier estimates of the number of trailing the Church GCU Greece should be around 500,000 people , plus 100,000 followers independent distributed in various shapes often conflicting with each other , especially in Miscellaneous , titles and offices ...

Two main divisions .

Wanting to give a clear picture of the situation as it is today has been formed in paleoimerologist movement, through divisions and contradictions even among them , would say that there are two basic groups, large groups .

The first group is related to the Mount Old Calendarism 19 Great monasteries of Mount Athos , who accepts the Church of Greece and the official patriarchates , and cooperates with them .

And the second group , called zealots ( fanatics by others) , who center core , to Mount Athos and Esphigmenou , still gives a peculiar race today , refusing to commemorate the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople to whom belongs spiritually , until he , stop the prayer with heretics , the ancient Churches rules prohibit .

The so-called zealots , cooperate spiritually in the world , with the following specific factions , which are:

the Matthewites

Apart from the church of Palaioimerologiton , and church GCU Greece The most important and most numerous party of today is Matthew .

In 1937 , a follower of the old calendar bishop Vresthenis Matthew Karpathakis , came in dimensions with Archbishop Chrysostomos of Florina ( as seen above ) thus split into " Florinikous " and " Matthewites " .

Matthew Karpathakis was Athonite monk after 1924 came into the world to enlighten the faithful about the dangers of Orthodoxy change log . In 1927 he founded at Keratea Atticus known nunnery with about 400 nuns then ( and around 200 today ) , and the male monastery of Transfiguration Keratea , with 100 monks today .

But unfortunately here were new differences and new internal conflicts ...

The objectors

In 1986 the church of old , deposed the then Oropoy own bishop , Cyprian Koutsouba , but who earlier had deposed for ecclesiological differences , but not for reasons of morality, and of the Church of the new calendar previously belonged ...

Bishop Cyprian Koutsoubas refusing to accept the dethronement , he founded his own party , its "Call of Resistance " ( ie dissenting ) , which in places closer to the new calendar today , and is known monastery in Chassia tribe Attica where read bewitched and possessed ...

The Independent ordained , and ordained BY ... themselves !

At times created and other independent parties bishops , as Atticus acacia cycle Gabriel, Canada acacia, Aeolian German , etc.

It should be noted that today , due to vagueness of some laws , many take advantage of this situation, but as the number of separatist divisions , and is shown as old calendar , without any ordination without Ecclesiasticall belonging nowhere , only to themselves .. .

 BACK FROM WHAT LOOKS ...

Watching this one throughout the disruption of one astronomical improvement ( at least surface ) showed , comes in reasonable questions about it, whether deserved or change this eventually be incorporated into the Church ...

Prima facie or question is apt , but there was another " extension - target" over time , and there just was intended or big change ...

The calendar of 13 days difference is negligible prima facie if it was an International Trade and Diplomacy convergence , as the years passed looked vaguely at the beginning and clean afterwards which eventually went ...

So there was an " ultimate goal " for the future, one too many changes that occur in nations with Long made ​​planning for the end result which is the desired ...

Today, it seems clear that this difference Astronomical originally thought relied , was the pretext approximation of papal " church " Towards the Orthodox Church of the East , and then the uptake of ...

However , this approach without substantial change and abolition of innovative change Papacy breakaway himself from the Orthodox Church of the East in 1054 , will be essentially a poisoning and airetikopoiisi and Orthodoxy , a cancellation of the salvation of the souls of the faithful of .

This is because the papacy today , being outside the Apostolic continuity after the schism of 1054 , as and interruptions by Orthodox ordinations succession ( from generation to generation ) , today virtually devoid of priesthood in Christ and validity according to what Christ , the Holy Apostles and the Ecumenical Councils let us abide ...

So that the difference in 13 days , perhaps negligible surface , was the beginning of division of the Church in Greece , which has deteriorated dramatically in recent years when the Church of the GOC Wanting to ensure leaks are located by adherents to the New Calendar , we proceeded to an unacceptable doctrinal theological and energy , describing the mysteries of the new calendar invalid , false , and groundless , and compiling 95% of faith in Greece , which corresponds to the Papists and Protestants ...

This effect, which systematically cultivated on the occasion and unacceptable ecumenical prayers ( under the guise of " peace and love " ) , but with heretics and heathens , senior executives of Orthodoxy , eventually severed bridges inside and as before 1924 , blessed unity ...

Hopefully , praying always in Him , be humiliation , repentance , and reconciliation , both sides , in the critical days gone by ...

And yet , let us pray to disappear , on the one hand , arbitrary interpretations and dogmatic extremes such that " only the old calendar preserved and that all others are punished ... " , that " the mysteries of the new calendar is invalid .. . " etc.

but and, on the other hand , that " all the old calendar is schismatics have no priesthood , have not love , and other generalized and similar ...

And let us get in conciliation before reach large prophesied evils that will thresh everyone, and will shook humanity ...

1597 days ago
 
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ORTHODOX OLD AND NEW CALENDAR